Copra meal is produced in the extraction of oil from coconuts. The coconut is manually harvested, the outer husk removed, and the white copra cut from within the shell. The copra is dried by direct or indirect drying, using the husk and shell as the fuel source. When the copra is dry, the oil is mechanical or solvent (hexane) extracted to yeild 70% coconut oil and 30% copra meal. The residual meal is called copra meal. It is brown because it has been cooked.
Direct drying results in poor poor quality, smoke flavoured copra meal. Solvent extracted copra meal contains only 2-4% residual coconut oil. Mecanical expelled copra meal contains 8-12% coconut oil. Copra meal quality varies considerably, and can contain high levels of aflatoxin in meal that has been poorly processed and stored incorrectly.